Located in the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is one of the most seismically active areas in the world. Though earthquake warnings are sounded over the media, cell phone towers, and local alarms, this may only give you a couple seconds to prepare for the incoming quake. Additionally, typhoons, flooding, or landslides are also a very real threat in the Hiroshima region.
For these reasons, preparation beforehand is key to ensure your safety in an disastrous situation. One of the first things you should do once you arrive in Japan is assemble an emergency preparedness kit.
How to make your Disaster Kit:
- Bottled Water (your water may be cut in the case of a flood or earthquake, so have already bottled water prepared)
- Food (it should be enough to last up to 3 days, canned or pre-cooked, requiring no heat or water. Consider special dietary needs)
- Flashlights (spare bulb)
- A radio (battery operated)
- Extra Batteries
- Large plastic trash bags (can be used to protect from rain)
- Hand soap, disinfectant, clean wipes.
- First Aid kit
- Medication, feminine hygiene products, infant supplies, toilet paper
- Spare pair of glasses
- Paper plates/cups and utensils
- Yen in small bills
Other tips: (for flooding and earthquakes)
- Talk with your family, etc. about evacuation destinations and ways to get in touch with each other (such as dialing the 171 emergency message service)
- Regularly check weather forecasts on radio and television.
- Check evacuation locations and routes.
- Reinforce cracked windows and loose window frames. Be sure to close shutters.
- Flowerpots, laundry poles, and other items that could be blown away should either be brought indoors or immobilized.
- Do not go outdoors if possible.
- In areas prone to flooding, move furniture and household goods to higher locations.
- Use fall-prevention fasteners to hold furniture in place.
- Check the conditions in the area surrounding your building.
- Do not place flammable items near your stovetop.
- Prepare fire extinguishers or firewater buckets, and keep your bathtub filled with water.
- Actively participate in emergency drills such as those performed by volunteer disaster prevention organizations.
Hiroshima City also has an English Disaster Preparedness Section on its website.